For all applications for naturalization filed after December 1, 2020, there will be a new civics examination. All other criteria of the process remain the same. An applicant must answer 12 questions correctly out of 20 questions. There are a potential 128 questions from which an officer may choose to ask.
The civics portion of the examination tests one’s understanding of the principles of US government, system of government, rights and responsibilities of citizens, American history, and symbols and holidays.
Here is the link for the test questions in order to prepare for the examination: https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/document/crc/M_1778LG.pdf
Similarly, there are flashcards also available on the site here: https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/document/flash-cards/M-1779_%28cut-out%29.pdf
For the English language component of the examination, the officer will speak to you in English during the interview. You must be able to converse. Additionally, you must be able to read aloud one of three written sentences. Finally, you must be able to write one of three sentences. There are waivers of this part of the requirement for long term residents as well as a shorter exam for people who are 65 and older and have been residents for at least 20 years.
Preparation is key to success with the naturalization process.